Yuanjiang Sihushan Town: “Full mechanization” helps cotton production reduce costs and increase efficiency
As June approaches, it is the cotton sowing season, and the roar of machines is heard one after another in the Thousand-acre Cotton Demonstration Base in Sihushan Town, Yuanjiang City, Hunan Province. Different from the past, there are not many people in the base. Only various machines such as rotary cultivators, seeders, and soil covering machines shuttle back and forth between the fields, creating a busy scene. This is the first large-scale mechanized cotton planting on a thousand-acre scale in Hunan Province. In the future, plant protection and picking will also be completed using drones, cotton pickers and other machinery, truly realizing “full production cycle” mechanization.
“Through cotton and rapeseed rotation, the comprehensive benefit per acre can reach more than 1,000 yuan. Coupled with the cost reduction and efficiency increase brought about by full mechanization, it can provide farmers with far higher benefits than before.” Hunan Provincial Cotton Science Research Institute Professor Peng Fanjia introduced it to everyone. The seeds used this time are new varieties bred by the institute. Their characteristics such as insect resistance, short growth cycle and high uniformity provide a realistic basis for mechanized operations.
In addition to new varieties, the base also adopts new methods, new plans, and new models to implement unified planting varieties, unified technical procedures, unified green prevention and control, unified mechanical operations, and unified picking and sales. In every link All of this relieves farmers of their previous worries, allowing them to concentrate on production and actively get rich. “It used to take a whole day to manually pick one acre of cotton, but now a cotton picking machine can pick more than 100 acres every day. I can grow more than 300 acres of cotton by myself, and I don’t have to worry about sales. I didn’t even think about it before. I dare not think about it.” Butaifu, a big planter, happily talked about his feelings.
It is reported that the town has adhered to the idea of ”one village, one specialty” in recent years and cultivated special projects and industries based on the actual conditions of each village. By actively introducing new technologies and models, and strengthening cooperation with scientific research institutions, a number of characteristic planting and breeding bases including “cotton base”, “navel orange base” and “aquatic product base” have been developed, providing support for local development and rural revitalization. Good foundation.
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