Basic classification of fabrics

Basic classification of fabrics Basic classification of fabrics 1. Commonly used woven fabrics A. Cotton fabric Plain weave: plain cloth (coarse cloth, market cloth, fine cloth), poplin, voile yarn (glass yarn)…

Basic classification of fabrics

Basic classification of fabrics
1. Commonly used woven fabrics
A. Cotton fabric
Plain weave: plain cloth (coarse cloth, market cloth, fine cloth), poplin, voile yarn (glass yarn)
, canvas, linen yarn (the raw material is not linen, but mixed with linen fiber)
Twill: twill (clear texture on the front, blurry on the back), gabardine, serge
Satin: Zhigong, cotton brushed Henggong, Henggong satin
Velvet type: corduroy, printed velveteen, printed velvet
Wrinkling categories: seersucker, bark wrinkle, pleated fabric
Yarn-dyed fabrics: denim, Oxford cloth, chambray
Others: woolen blue cloth, terry cloth, tea towel cloth, washed cloth, burnt-out cloth
B. Linen fabric
Ramie: Ramie plain cloth (generally referred to as hand-woven ramie cloth) Shuangli yarn
Linen: linen woven linen muslin
Linen blended fabrics: polyester and linen leno, polyester and linen plaid cloth, fish jelly cloth (fish cloth)
Wool, linen, polyester, snowflakes, gold silk and linen printed silk
C. Woolen fabrics
Plain weave: Fanliding, Palisi
Twill: Gabardine (Zabedin), serge and tweed
Complex Twill: Breeches Chocolat
Satin type: Tribute camel silk brocade
Tweed: Banwei Hailimeng Toothpick Strips Snowflake Gold
Pure wool checkered women’s clothing
Woolen fabrics: melton, navy, uniform, flannel
Tweed (steel tweed is also called firewood and heilis)
Coats (smooth-haired coats, tortured coats),
Women’s clothing (women’s clothing, ladies’ clothing), double-sided clothing
D. Silk fabric
Textile categories: electric spinning, silk spinning, Fuchun spinning, pongee spinning, plaid nylon spinning, dyed polyester spinning
Crepe type: crepe de chine, blue crepe, fragrant crepe, georgette crepe, smooth crepe
Silk: Burnt flower silk
Silk: plain taffeta striped taffeta, Tianxiang silk (double weft floral silk) dug silk
Damn: cotton damask, wide damask, beautiful silk, feather yarn, twill silk
Satin: plain crepe satin floral crepe satin brocade
Brocade: Rain Silk Brocade Moon Flower Brocade Fangfang Brocade Huanhua Brocade
Yarn: Dioscorea yarn, Lushan yarn, Xiangyun yarn, jacquard leno, fake leno
Luo: Hang Luo
Ge: Wen Shang Ge
Velvet categories: golden velvet, burnt-out Georgette velvet, and Zhang velvet
Silk: cotton silk, tussah silk, double palace silk, tussah silk
2. Knitted fabrics
A. Weft knitted fabric
Khan cloth
Padding fabric: fully plated horizontal striped fabric
Flannel: embossed polar fleece, jacquard polar fleece, printed polar fleece, fine fleece, thin fleece,
Thick terry cloth, flannel
Terry fabric: single-sided terry cloth, double-sided terry cloth, jacquard terry cloth
Jacquard Checkered Terry
Velvet fabric
Rib fabric: Swiss rib, French rib, 1*1 rib, 2*2 rib
Cotton wool cloth: needle cotton wool cloth
Pique mesh
Fish scale cloth
Colorful knitted fabric: stretch pineapple cloth, houndstooth jacquard
B. Warp knitted fabric
Polyester warp knitting: warp knitted golden velvet and gold edge velveteen
Warp knitted fleece fabric
Warp knitted mesh
Warp knitted velvet fabric: warp knitted corduroy, warp knitted colored velvet
Warp knitted terry fabric
Warp knitted jacquard fabric
3. Nonwoven fabrics for clothing
Nonwoven lining, fusible lining, thermal wadding, clothing label, artificial leather base fabric
4. Fur and leather
Natural fur: Black Cross Mink, Pearl Mink, Platinum Fox, Golden Island Fox
Artificial Fur: Phnom Penh Artificial Fur Artificial Curly Fur Artificial Fur (Water Fur)
Natural leather: cowhide, sheepskin, pigskin, horse leather
Artificial Leather: Artificial Leather Synthetic Leather
5. Composite fabric
Bonded Fabric
Coated fabrics: coated fabrics and warm fabrics
Embroidery fabric
Flocking fabric
6. Commonly used textile fabric specifications:
1. Polyester taffeta, taffeta, polyester plain spinning, polyester silk spinning POLYESTERTAFFETA
Plain weave + polyester
Warp and weft: 68D/24FFDY polyester semi-gloss plain weave fabric.
Mainly include: 170T, 190T, 210T, 240T, 260T, 300T, 320T, 400T
T: It is the sum of longitude and latitude density in units of inches. For example, 190T means the sum of longitude and latitude density is 190 (actually it is generally less than 190).
Usage: Generally used as lining
2. Nylon taffeta (nylon taffeta) NYLONTAFFETA
Plain weave + nylon
The warp and weft are made of 70D or 40D nylon FDY, and the density is: 190T-400T
There are many derivatives of nylon spinning, all called nylon spinning, including twill, satin, plaid, jacquard, etc.
Usage: Men’s and women’s clothing fabrics. Coated nylon is airtight, watertight, and down-proof, and is used as fabric for ski jackets, raincoats, sleeping bags, and mountaineering clothing.
Plain weave + polyester
At least one item of warp and weft is low elastic (network) yarn
If the warp and weft are all elastic, it is called full elastic pongee, and if the warp and weft are made of filament, it is called semi-elastic pongee
The original pongee was a plain weave, now it has many derivatives, complete specifications, and density from 170T to 400T
There are semi-gloss, matt, twill, point, sliver, flat grid, floating grid, diamond grid, football grid, waffle grid, twill grid, plum blossom grid…
Usage: “Semi-elastic pongee” fabric has been used to make lining accessories for suits, suits, jackets, children’s clothing, professional wear, etc.; “full-elastic pongee” can be used to make down jackets, casual jackets, children’s clothing, etc., with waterproof coating The fabric can also be used to make waterproof clothing, umbrellas, ponchos, awnings, etc.
4. Oxford cloth OXFORD
Plain weave + polyester or nylon
Longitude and latitude are at least 150D and above
Polyester Oxford cloth: filament, stretch yarn, high stretch yarn
Nylon Oxford cloth: filament, velvet Oxford cloth, nylon cotton Oxford cloth��
Common ones include:
1200D*1200D, 1680D, various jacquards
Usage: Mainly used to make bags
Plain weave is generally nylon, but also polyester
Use ATY in the latitudinal direction, and the latitudinal D number is at least twice the radial D number.
Conventional: nylon velvet, 70D nylon FDY*160D nylon ATY, density: 178T, 184T, 196T, 228T
Available in various plaid, twill, and jacquard velvets
Usage: jackets, clothing fabrics, bags, etc.
6. Huayao FAILLE
Plain weave polyester
Add weak twist in weft direction
Radial: 75DDTY network wire or 75DFDY
Weft direction: 150DDTY8T/2S2Z–(8 twists, 2 left and 2 right twists)
Divided into full Huayao and half Huayao
KOSIBAO: Radial: 75DDTY network wire
Weft direction: 150DDTY22T/2S2Z
KOSBO weft reinforced twist
Washed velvet: Radial: 50DFDY+50DPOY
Weft direction: 150DDTY8-12T/2S2Z
Usage: clothing fabrics, bags, etc.
7. Imitation silk series IMITATIONSILK
Plain weave polyester
The warp and weft are both twisted and arranged in 2S2Z
75D Georgette: 75DFDY18T/2S2Z*75DFDY18T/2S2Z
Insert No. 17#*2 into the upper machine–(pierce the No. 17 reed twice, that is, the upper machine secret 34)
Regular: 50D Georgette, 75D Georgette, 100D Georgette, 150D Georgette
The warp and weft are both twisted and arranged in 2S2Z
75D chiffon: 75DFDY22T/2S2Z*75DFDY22T/2S2Z
Insert No. 19#*2 into the upper machine–(pierce the No. 19 reed twice, that is, the upper machine secret 38)
Conventional: 30D, 50D, 75D, 100D, 150D
Derivatives: Carissa, Orissa. . .
Chiffon is very similar to Georgette, but chiffon has a higher twist and higher density than Georgette
Add a medium twist in the radial direction (about 18T), and add a strong twist in the weft direction (about 28T)
75D crepe: 75DFDY*75DFDY28T/S
Conventional: 50D*50D, 75D*75D, 75D*100D, 100D*100D
Mainly depends on style
Usage: Summer women’s clothing,
8. Peach skin MICROPEACH
Plain weave, twill weave, satin weave polyester, brocade polyester
Peach skin is a thin sanded fleece fabric woven from ultra-fine synthetic fibers. The surface of the fabric is covered with particularly short, fine and fine velvet. It has moisture-absorbing, breathable and waterproof functions and a silk-like appearance and style. The fabric is soft, shiny and has a smooth and waxy feel.
Weft direction 150D/144F or 288F fine denier fiber
Radial: 75D/36F or 72FDTY network wire
Weft direction: 150D/144F or 288FDTY network yarn
Due to the fine denier fiber, after the peach skin is brushed, the hair feels delicate
Usage: Beach pants, clothing (jackets, dresses, etc.) fabric, can also be used as luggage, shoes and hats, furniture decoration
Satin weave
Mainly divided into warp suede and weft suede
Radial suede: Island composite yarn is used in the radial direction, and general polyester elastic yarn is used in the weft direction
Conventional: 105D*75D, 105D*150D, 105D*200D, 105D*300D, 105D*400D, 105D*450D, 105D*600
Weft suede: radial general stretch yarn, weft island composite yarn
Conventional: 75D*160D,75D*225D
Usage: Curtains, home textiles, shoe materials, sofa covers, decorative fabrics, women’s spring and autumn, etc.
10. Glass yarn ORGANDY
Plain weave nylon
The warp and weft are made of 20D or 30D monofilament, low warp density, low weft density, sparse density, thin texture, clear step holes, refreshing feel, elasticity, good breathability, and comfortable to wear.
Usage: summer shirt dresses, pajamas, headscarves, veils and embroidered base fabrics, lampshades, curtains.
11. Nylon polyester fiber N/PTAFFETA
Plain weave
There is a two-color effect, known as chameleon, warp nylon, weft polyester, plain weave. There are also full polyester ones, which use a cationic yarn to produce a two-color effect.
Conventional: 70D*75D, 70D*150D (thickened), density: 170T, 190T, 210T, 230T, 300T
Usage: home textiles, curtains, clothing materials.
12. Gabardine (polyester) GABARDINE
Twill weave
Warp and weft stretch yarn, twill weave
Conventional: 150D*150D, 150D*200D, 150D*300D
Usage: workwear, clothing, etc.
13. Shumei Silk
Twill weave 2/1 twill polyester
Radial filament, weft stretch yarn
Regular: 68DFDY*75DDTY
Usage: lining
14. Beautiful silk
Twill weave 2/1 twill polyester or rayon
Full-length warp and weft yarn
Conventional: 68DFDY*68DFDY or 108DFDY
Usage: lining
Satin weave polyester
Classification: untwisted satin, twisted satin; glossy satin, matte satin;
Jingyue satin: 50D*50D, 50D*75D untwisted satin
Quiet band: 50D*50D, 50D*75D twisted satin
Five beautiful satin: 75D*100D untwisted satin
Satin: 75D*150D, 75D*200D, 75D*300D untwisted or twisted satin
Usage: dress, stage cloth, evening wear, lining, luggage material, etc.iFJTny


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