Textile types

Textile types Serge A plain twill wool fabric woven from combed wool yarn. The surface is smooth and flat, with clear lines, moderate tightness, and good drape. It is mostly navy blue and black. Suitable for sc…

Textile types

A plain twill wool fabric woven from combed wool yarn. The surface is smooth and flat, with clear lines, moderate tightness, and good drape. It is mostly navy blue and black. Suitable for school uniforms, military uniforms and men’s and women’s suits. The name comes from the English word beige, which means “natural wool color”. Serge can be made from wool of various qualities, with a wide range of yarn counts, usually two-ply yarn count of 30 to 60, and woven with a 2/2 twill weave. The warp density is slightly larger than the weft density, and the twill angle is about 45 degrees to the right. The fabric weight is: thin serge is about 190-210 g/m2, medium-thick serge is about 240-290 g/m2, and thick serge is about 310-390 g/m2. Serge is usually piece dyed. Cotton serge is made of cotton or cotton blended yarn, and its structure is similar to wool serge. There are differences between wire serge and yarn serge. The front of the thread serge is right twill, and it can be made into men’s and women’s clothing after dyeing and processing. The front side of gauze serge is left twill, which is printed and processed. It is mainly used as women’s and children’s clothing materials or quilt tops.

Fabric Introduction–Seersucker
Seersucker Seersucker is a thin fabric woven with plain weave and with concave and convex bubbles on the cloth surface. Seersucker has a unique appearance, strong three-dimensional effect, light texture, soft hand feel, does not fit close to the body, is cool and comfortable, and does not require ironing after washing. According to the principle of forming bubbles, seersucker is mainly divided into woven seersucker, alkali shrinkage seersucker, etc. The raw material for weaving seersucker is pure cotton or polyester/cotton yarn, and the density of the bubble warp is greater than the ground warp, or the bubble warp uses strands and the ground warp uses single yarn. During weaving, the amount of bubble warp let-off is larger than the floor warp, and then dyeing, finishing and loose processing form beautiful, uneven bubbles at the cell warp. The bubble fastness of woven seersucker is better. Alkali-shrunk seersucker uses the principle that when cotton fiber encounters concentrated alkali liquid, its diameter increases and its length shortens. Alkali-shrunk seersucker is a dyed or printed pure cotton fine plain weave fabric base. According to the design requirements, alkali solution is printed on the surface of the fabric, so that the surface of the fabric forms a part with alkali solution and a part without alkali solution, and the part with alkali solution is distributed The surface shrinks, but the surface of the cloth without alkali solution does not shrink, forming uneven bubbles. The bubble fastness of alkali-shrunk seersucker is poor. After resin finishing, the bubble fastness is improved. In addition, two types of fibers with different shrinkage properties can be spun into yarns separately and arranged at intervals. After weaving, dyeing and finishing, the yarns will shrink differently, causing uneven bubbles to form on the cloth surface. This kind of seersucker has good bubble fastness. According to different printing and dyeing processing methods, it is divided into dyed seersucker, printed seersucker, and yarn-dyed seersucker. Seersucker is mainly used as summer dress fabric for women and children, as well as bed covers, curtains and other decorative items. When washing seersucker, it is not advisable to soak it in hot water, nor to scrub or twist it with force. There is no need to iron it after washing to avoid affecting the bubble fastness.
Plain weave is soft, thin and thin; twill is thick and tight
Oxford cloth is named after Oxford University in the United Kingdom. In its early days, it was a traditional combed cotton fabric for the school uniforms for students. The outstanding features of traditional Oxford cloth are colored warp and white weft, double warp and single weft, 2/2 heavy flat weave, and clear color point effect on the cloth surface. Now it has become a new type of fabric with multiple functions and wide uses. Currently, there are mainly varieties on the market: set grid, full elastic, nylon, Tige and other varieties.

1. Plaid Oxford cloth: specially used to make all kinds of bags
The warp and weft threads of this fabric are made of polyester FDY150D/36F. The fabric is made of plain weave interwoven on a water-jet loom, with a warp and weft density of 360 Good to wait for the advantage.
2. Nylon Oxford cloth: mainly used to produce flood and rainproof products
The warp of this fabric is made of 200D nylon air-coated yarn, and the weft is made of 160D nylon air-coated yarn. It has a plain weave structure and the product is woven by water jet. After being dyed, finished and coated, the gray fabric has the advantages of soft hand feel, strong drape, novel style, waterproof performance, etc. The cloth has the luster and sensory effect of nylon silk. Because of its excellent quality and novel colors, it is deeply loved by users. The width of the fabric is 150cm. It is understood that the fabric has the advantage of not fading or deforming and has gained a foothold in the market. The colors on the market include navy blue, light black, tiger yellow, dark green and other different colors, and various colors can be selected and dyed in batches according to customer needs.
3. Full-elastic Oxford cloth: mainly used to make bags
The warp and weft yarns of this fabric are all made of polyester DTY300D yarn, which is interwoven on a spout loom using thick-point changing permeable tissue. After the fabric is relaxed, refined, pre-shaped, alkali reduced, and softened and set, the reverse side of the fabric is then passed through a rubber-plastic polyester layer. Its texture is fine, its luster is soft, and its water resistance is good. Bags made of this product are fashionable and trendy pets that dress up ladies. The fabric width is 150cm.
4. Teague Oxford cloth: mainly produces various bags
The warp yarn of this fabric is made of polyester DTY400D network yarn, and the weft yarn is made of polyester DTY 400D yarn. It adopts Tig weave texture and is interwoven on a water-jet (with faucet) loom. The fabric design is novel and the craftsmanship is unique. The plaid pattern on the front is prominent and the three-dimensional effect is strong, making it the prominent part of the fabric. At the same time, the coating (PU) process is used on the reverse side to make it more waterproof and drape better. It is ideal for making various A stylish addition to bags. The width of the fabric is 160cm and the weight is 320g/meter. The colors on the market are mainly black, navy blue, coffee series, etc.
5. Weft Oxford cloth: mainly used to make various bags
The warp yarn of this fabric is made of polyester FDY68D/24F, and the weft yarn is made of FDY150D/36F.Thin.

The main common varieties of silk:

Crepe Satin:
The warp yarns of crepe satin are flat yarns, and the weft yarns are strongly twisted yarns arranged two left and two right, using a satin weave interwoven silk fabric. There are two types of crepe satin: floral and plain. Plain crepe satin generally uses a five-piece satin weave. One side of the fabric surface has a crepe effect and the other side has a bright satin effect. The flower ground structure of floral crepe satin is five or eight satin weaves on the front and back, and bright satin flowers appear on the crepe ground. The fabric feels soft and has good crepe resistance, so it is suitable for shirts and skirts. The raw material of crepe satin is generally mulberry silk, and the warp silk is mostly 23.3dtex(20/22)

2 mulberry silk threads are combined, and the weft thread is 23.3dtex (20/22). 2 mulberry silk threads and 3 mulberry silk threads are combined into strong twisted threads. The fabric weight is generally 12.5~20m/m. With the development of the textile industry, in addition to silk crepe satin, there are also crepe satins intertwined with real silk and rayon, and simulated silk crepe satins made of all chemical fibers.


Brocade is a triple-grained fabric in which one group of warp threads (raw silk) and three groups of weft threads (cooked silk) are interwoven. The ground weave is eight warp-faced satin weaves, and the floral weave is three sets of weft threads with separate weft patterns. The surface of the fabric shows a three-color pattern. The ground of the brocade is fine, clean and tight, the silk surface is flat and thick, the wefts are gorgeous and colorful, and the patterns are fine. Traditional Chinese ethnic patterns are often used, but deformed flowers and Persian patterns are also used. Clear floor patterns are appropriate, but full-floor and floor-opening patterns can also be used according to market trends. Depending on the raw materials used, there are dozens of types of brocade, including silk brocade, intertwined brocade, rayon brocade, and gold thread brocade.

Crepe de Chine
Crepe de Chine is a kind of silk fabric in which the warp yarns are plain yarns and the weft yarns are strongly twisted yarns. The weft twist is generally 22~28/cm. During weaving, two s-twists and two z-twists are arranged at intervals and interwoven according to the plain weave. After weaving and dyeing, the silk surface has a soft luster, a soft hand, and a crepe effect. The raw material of crepe de chine is mainly mulberry silk. There are also many imitation crepe de chine on the market now made of chemical fiber raw materials. In addition to dyed and printed crepe de chine, there is also jacquard crepe de chine.
Lingluo satin is a general name for silk fabrics in daily life, but it is not a complete classification method. Ancient Chinese silk weaving varieties include silk, yarn, qi, damask, Luo, brocade, satin, tapestry, etc. Today, silk fabrics are divided into 14 categories based on organizational structure, raw materials, technology, appearance and use: yarn, Luo, damask, silk, spun, silk, crepe, brocade, satin, silk, kudzu, woolen, velvet and silk. ArlcJkbLp


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