1. High-functional fabrics
⑴Super waterproof fabrics Ordinary raincoats can prevent the penetration of rainwater, but are not conducive to the elimination of sweat and water vapor. Breathable and waterproof fabrics change this shortcoming. They take advantage of the huge difference in the size of water vapor particles and raindrops to attach a porous structure film with a pore size smaller than raindrops to the surface of the fabric, so that raindrops cannot pass through, but water vapor and sweat can. It can pass smoothly and is conducive to breathability.
⑵ Flame-retardant fabrics are fabrics with good flame-retardant properties made of flame-retardant fibers or specially processed with flame retardants and resins. They have a certain flame-retardant effect on flames. Suitable for making various flame-retardant protective clothing and hotel decorative carpets.
⑶Color-changing fabrics are fabrics that change color with changes in light, heat, liquid, pressure, electronic wires, etc. It is made by encapsulating color-changing materials into microcapsules and dispersing them into resin liquid and coating them on the cloth surface. It can be used to make traffic clothes, swimming suits, etc., for safety protection. It can also be used to make stage costumes, which has a colorful and mysterious effect.
⑷Antistatic fabric: Use hydrophilic finishing or adding conductive fibers to make the fabric conductive. This kind of fabric is not easy to absorb dust and is antistatic. It is very suitable for making carpets and special work clothes such as dustproof clothing.
⑸ Thermal insulation fabric is a fabric that uses zirconium carbide compound particles added to nylon and polyester fibers to efficiently absorb solar energy and convert it into heat, that is, far-infrared thermal insulation fabric. Improved thermal insulation, which is of great practical significance for clothing in cold environments.
⑹ Antibacterial and deodorizing fabrics have the function of inhibiting bacterial growth on fibers and producing deodorizing effects, and are safe for the human body and the environment. The main uses include socks, undershirts, sportswear, bedding, ward supplies, interior decoration fabrics, etc.
⑺Fragrance fabric is made by sealing the fragrance into special capsules and then adhering to the fabric. During the wearing process, the microcapsules are damaged due to friction, and the fragrance slowly disperses outwards, giving people a sense of relaxation and pleasure.
⑻Ultraviolet shielding fabric. UV-resistant fabric made by adding ceramic powder to the spinning solution. In addition to being used as clothing fabrics, it is often used as a material for sportswear, stockings, hats, and parasols.
2. Highly Sensitive Fabrics
⑴Super Fluffy Fabrics: Fabrics produced using ultra-fine differentially shrunk mixed filaments that have a fuller feel than silk, which is the heavyweight silk fabric on the market. The fluffiness can be changed arbitrarily according to the shrinkage difference.
⑵ “Silking” fabric is a synthetic fiber fabric with a petal-shaped fiber cross-section made to imitate the “silking” sound caused by friction during wearing of silk fabrics. This fabric has good ” The sound of “Siming” can be used to treat diseases.
3. High-tech fabrics
⑴ “Washable and wearable” fabrics are non-iron anti-wrinkle fabrics. They are finished with special resin finishing agents to obtain permanent memory fabrics with stable shape and size, and wrinkle lines that remain unchanged after washing. At present, the finishing technology of 100% cotton non-iron clothing and washable and wearable wool fabrics are relatively mature.
⑵Coated sand-washed fabric is currently a popular fabric in the world. Generally, a layer of color is applied to the silk fabric first, and then sand washed after it is made into clothing. The fabric is soft, elegant and soft in color, and is very popular among young people.
⑶ Cool wool uses low-temperature plasma to treat wool to etch the scales on the surface of the wool, thereby improving and improving the moisture permeability, breathability and feel and luster of the wool, so as to achieve the purpose of close-fitting wear in summer.
⑷Peach skin velvet is a fabric made of microfiber with fine, short, dense velvet floating on the surface and shaped like the skin of a peach. It is brightly colored, has the softness and moisture permeability of real velvet, and has the stiffness and non-iron characteristics of chemical fiber, so it has become popular. Mainly used for suits, skirts, jackets, windbreakers and casual and light wear.
4. Medical Materials
⑴ Hollow viscose fiber materials have the characteristics of good water absorption, solubility, and high strength. In addition to being used as clothing, they are also commonly used as medical and health materials, such as artificial kidney permeability membranes, virus separation membranes, etc. .
⑵ Chitin-based fiber materials have attracted attention as medical materials because they have digestibility in vivo that is different from cellulose. It has been actively used in surgical sutures, wound dressings and other fields.
⑶ Collagen fiber material is a kind of gelatin and bone glue material. Insoluble procollagen can be processed with enzymes to obtain soluble collagen. Its biological adaptability is self-evident, because it is consistent with the proteins in human tissues and organs, and has the characteristics of non-antigenicity, bioabsorbability, and high membrane and fiber strength. It has already begun to be used in medical materials.
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