About clothing fabrics, the principles of clothing fabrics
About clothing fabrics, principles of clothing fabrics, structure of clothing fabrics, functions and uses of clothing fabrics, clothing fabrics in English.
Clothing packaging materials include: plastic bags, wrapping paper, cards, films, tapes and clips, packaging tapes, etc.
The production process of clothing fabrics: fiber–yarn–blank–clothing fabric
Clothing is composed of raw materials such as clothing fabrics, accessories, and packaging materials.
Clothing fabrics include: cotton, linen, silk, wool, and chemical fiber fabrics.
Clothing accessories include: linings, linings, fillers, threads, woven labels, buttons (zippers), tags, etc.
1) Fiber: Fiber materials whose length is more than a thousand times larger than the diameter and which have only a certain degree of flexibility are often collectively referred to as fibers. The thickness and length of the fiber are important factors that determine the feel of the fabric. Thick fibers give the fabric a hard, stiff, thick feel and are resistant to compression. The shorter the fiber, the rougher the fabric, and the easier it is to pill, but it has a rough style. The fine fibers give the fabric a soft, thin feel. The longer the fiber, the smoother the yarn and the less pilling it will have. 2) Category A: Natural fibers (obtained directly from nature) plant fibers: such as cotton and linen. Animal fiber: Hair obtained from animals, such as wool. Taken from the silk spun by animals, such as silk. B: Synthetic fibers (obtained through chemical treatment and injection spinning.) Such as: acrylic, polyester, nylon, etc. News Photos
Fibers can only become clothing fabrics after being woven, and the first step is to spin into yarn.
1. Yarn fineness expression (imperial system): refers to how many 840 yards (1 yard = 0.941 meters) of cotton yarn weighing one pound (454 grams) is 840 yards (1 yard = 0.941 meters) long when the moisture regain is specified, that is, how many British yarn counts are there? Simply read as “a few yarns”, the unit is represented by “S”. The larger the number in front of S, the finer the yarn, the lighter, thinner and softer the fabric. The smaller the number, the coarser the yarn, and the heavier, thicker, and rougher the fabric is.
2. Yarn is woven from fibers with a certain strength and fineness, and can be processed into materials of any length. It is the basic unit of fabrics.
The following is an introduction to several commonly used woven fabrics; characteristics, advantages and disadvantages of fabric types used in styles
The cloth pattern on the surface and bottom of elastic plain cloth, with stretch wire added during the weaving process. Because the fabric has stretch threads to make the finished product elastic, it also shows thinner lines, smooth surface, strong durability, and stiffness. Because it contains a lot of cotton, it wrinkles easily after washing and needs to be ironed. Mostly used in shirts
The yarn-dyed plaid fabric is composed of a variety of colored yarns and does not discolor, with a wide variety of colors. Longer delivery period
Once the fibers are spun into yarn, they can be woven into fabric. Due to the different machine principles used in weaving, the internal structures of the woven fabrics are different. It can usually be divided into two categories: woven and knitted:
1) Woven fabric: Two or more groups of yarns intersect each other at right angles. The longitudinal yarns are called warp, and the horizontal yarns are called weft yarns. Because the yarns of woven fabrics are interlaced in a vertical manner, they are strong, stable, and have relatively low shrinkage.
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