Introduction to all varieties of textile fabrics
Introduction to all varieties of textile fabrics
Washed fabric is a fabric that has been treated with a special dyeing and finishing process to give the fabric a slightly wrinkled washed style. The raw materials of washed cloth include pure cotton, polyester/cotton, polyester filament, etc. Washed cloth feels soft, dimensionally stable, comfortable to wear, and has slight wrinkles in appearance. Mainly used as outerwear, suits, shirts, pants, pajamas, etc.
Fuchunfang is a silk fabric made of viscose (rayon) interwoven with cotton-type viscose staple fiber yarn. The warp density of the fabric is greater than the weft density. The fabric is dyed or printed. This kind of fabric has a smooth silk surface, soft and smooth feel, bright color, soft luster, good hygroscopicity and comfortable wearing. Mainly used as a summer shirt. Skirt fabric or children’s clothing. Variegated Fuchun textiles can also be used as fabrics for winter cotton-padded clothes.
Georgette, also known as Georgette crepe, is a silk fabric woven with strongly twisted crepe warp and crepe weft. The name of georgette comes from France (georgette).
The warp and weft yarns use two strong yarns with different twist directions, S twist and Z twist. They are arranged alternately according to ZS and 2Z, and are interwoven in a plain weave. The warp and weft density of the fabric is very small. After scouring, the gray silk shrinks and crepes due to the untwisting effect of the silk threads, forming a georgette with uniform crepe lines on the silk surface and a loose structure.
According to the raw materials used, it can be divided into silk georgette, rayon georgette, polyester georgette and interlaced georgette. If the weft yarn uses only one twist direction, the woven georgette is called smooth fiber georgette. The smooth fiber georgette shows warp unevenness. Pleated irregular crepe pattern.
Georgette is light and transparent in texture, feels soft and elastic, has a light and elegant appearance, has good breathability and drape, and is elegant and comfortable to wear. The lightness, weight, thickness, thinness, transparency and silk crepe effect of georgette mainly depend on the thickness, number of unions, twist and warp and weft density of the silk threads.
Georgette is suitable for making women’s dresses, high-end evening gowns, headscarves, palace lantern crafts, etc.
Electric spinning is a mulberry silk raw silk fabric, woven with a plain weave. It is named after the use of factory silk and electric silk looms instead of earthen silk and wooden machine weaving.
There are many varieties of electric spinning. According to different fabric raw materials, there are silk electric spinning, viscose electric spinning and silk viscose interlaced electric spinning. According to the different weight of the fabric per square meter, it can be divided into heavy weight (above 40g/m2), medium weight, and light weight (below 20g/m2). According to different dyeing and finishing processes, there are whitening, whitening, dyeing and printing. Electric spinning products are often named after places, such as: Hangzhou Textile (produced in Hangzhou). Shaofang (produced in Shaoxing), Hufang (produced in Huzhou), etc.
The texture of electric textile is tight and clean, soft to the touch, soft in luster, and smooth and comfortable to wear. The heavy ones are mainly used as summer shirts, skirt fabrics and children’s clothing fabrics; the medium ones can be used as clothing linings; the light ones can be used as petticoats, headscarves, etc.
Seersucker is a thin fabric woven with plain weave and with concave and convex bubbles on the surface. Seersucker has a unique appearance, strong three-dimensional effect, light texture, soft hand feel, does not fit close to the body, is cool and comfortable, and does not require ironing after washing.
According to the principle of forming bubbles, seersucker is mainly divided into woven seersucker, alkali shrinkage seersucker, etc.
The raw material for weaving seersucker is pure cotton or polyester/cotton yarn, and the density of the bubble warp is greater than the ground warp, or the bubble warp uses strands and the ground warp uses single yarn. During weaving, the amount of bubble warp let-off is larger than the floor warp, and then dyeing, finishing and loose processing form beautiful, uneven bubbles at the cell warp. The bubble fastness of woven seersucker is better. Alkali-shrunk seersucker uses the principle that when cotton fiber encounters concentrated alkali liquid, its diameter increases and its length shortens.
Alkali-shrunk seersucker is a dyed or printed pure cotton fine plain weave fabric base. According to the design requirements, alkali solution is printed on the surface of the fabric, so that the surface of the fabric forms a part with alkali solution and a part without alkali solution, and the part with alkali solution is distributed The surface shrinks, but the surface of the cloth without alkali solution does not shrink, forming uneven bubbles. The bubble fastness of alkali-shrunk seersucker is poor. After resin finishing, the bubble fastness is improved. In addition, two types of fibers with different shrinkage properties can be spun into yarns separately and arranged at intervals. After weaving, dyeing and finishing, the yarns will shrink differently, causing uneven bubbles to form on the cloth surface. This kind of seersucker has good bubble fastness.
According to different printing and dyeing processing methods, it is divided into dyed seersucker, printed seersucker, and yarn-dyed seersucker. Seersucker is mainly used as summer dress fabric for women and children, as well as bed covers, curtains and other decorative items. When washing seersucker, it is not advisable to soak it in hot water, nor to scrub or twist it with force. There is no need to iron it after washing to avoid affecting the bubble fastness.
Corduroy is woven with a double weft structure and then finished with cut velvet. The fabric has cord-like velvet strips on the surface, also known as corduroy.
The raw material of corduroy is generally cotton, but it is also blended or interwoven with polyester, acrylic, spandex and other fibers. Corduroy uses a wide range of yarns. The warp yarns are usually 18-48tex (32-12 inch count) single yarn, or 10tex×2-28tex×2 (60/2-21/2 inch count) strands; the weft yarn is commonly used 14.5- 36tex (40-16 English count) single yarn. The weave adopts a double weft weave in which two sets of weft yarns are interwoven with one set of warp yarns. The ground weave has plain weave, twill weave and equal weft weight. The ground weft and warp yarns are interwoven to form a ground fabric, and the pile weft and warp yarns are interwoven to form rows of loops. The loops are cut by cutting pile, and after brushing and finishing, the surface of the fabric is formed.�Selection of the paper mesh number, control of the grinding roller speed, contact area between the grinding roller and the fabric, tension on the fabric, number of sanding times, balance between the grinding roller speed and operating speed, moisture content of the fabric, and the texture after grinding Selection of processing and sanding equipment, etc.
Peach skin velvet products can be used as fabrics for clothing (jackets, dresses, etc.), and can also be used as ideal materials for luggage, shoes, hats, and furniture decoration.
Oxford cloth, also called Oxford spinning, is a multi-purpose polyester-polyester-cotton blended yarn interwoven with cotton yarn using a weft-heavy flat or square weave.
It has the characteristics of easy washing, quick drying, soft feel, good hygroscopicity and comfortable wearing. It looks like yarn-dyed fabric.
It was named because the early Oxford University student uniform shirts were made of this cotton fabric.
Attached: The main varieties of Oxford cloth
1. Plaid Oxford cloth is specially used to make all kinds of bags.
2. Nylon Oxford cloth is mainly used to make flood and rainproof products
3. Full-elastic Oxford cloth is mainly used to make bags
4. Teague Oxford cloth mainly produces various bags
5. Weft Oxford cloth is mainly used to make various bags
Jersey refers to the plain knitted fabric used to make underwear. The dry weight per square meter is generally 80-120g/cm. The cloth has a smooth surface, clear lines, fine texture, and smooth hand feel. It has good extensibility in the longitudinal and transverse directions, and the transverse extensibility is greater than the longitudinal extensibility. It has good hygroscopicity and air permeability, but it has detachment and curling properties, and sometimes coil distortion occurs. Common jerseys include bleached jersey, special white jersey, finely bleached jersey, and singed mercerized jersey; depending on the post-dyeing and finishing process, there are plain jersey, printed jersey, and navy striped jersey; depending on the raw materials used Different types include blended jersey, silk jersey, acrylic jersey, polyester jersey, ramie jersey, etc. pSGNeCJ4X
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