Classification and standards of flame retardant fabrics
Classification and standards of flame retardant fabrics
At present, the main flame-retardant fabrics include: finishing flame-retardant fabrics, such as pure cotton, polyester cotton, etc.; intrinsic flame-retardant fabrics, such as aramid, acrylic cotton, DuPont Kevlar, Nomex, Australian PR97, etc.
Flame retardant fabrics are divided into two types: fiber flame retardant and post-finishing flame retardant. Post-finishing flame retardant is divided into two types: disposable flame retardant and durable flame retardant.
Fiber flame retardant, also called permanent flame retardant fabric, is mainly woven with flame retardant fibers. Its flame retardant effect is permanent and can generally be maintained for more than 50 times of washing, and still has a good flame retardant effect.
Durable flame retardant fabrics usually use the “PROBAN” production process. The flame retardant used is a durable finishing flame retardant used for cotton fibers and their blended fabrics. Its main feature is the use of this After the production and finishing of this kind of flame retardant, the fabric can have good flame retardant ability within 50 times of washing.
Disposable flame retardant fabrics are ordinary fabrics that have been treated with flame retardants in the later dyeing and finishing process. Their biggest disadvantage is that the flame retardant effect disappears or significantly declines after washing. Usually we apply it to some occasions where the number of washings is small, such as Hotel curtains, etc.
There is not much difference in the initial flame retardant properties of the three, but the flame retardant properties of the disposable flame retardant fabric completely disappear after washing.
The flame-retardant fabrics produced by Kunshan Yingjie Textile Import and Export Co., Ltd. include pure cotton, polyester cotton, chemical fiber and other materials. They have good flame-retardant effects. They will shrink and carbonize when exposed to fire. They will be extinguished as soon as the fire source is removed. It emits black smoke and will not cause secondary fires. The fabric performance meets the first-class requirements of the national standard GB8965-2009. Environmentally friendly, non-toxic, odorless, moisture-permeable, breathable, soft to the touch, widely used in military, firefighting, smelting, petrochemical and other industries.
GB8965-98 China National Standard for Flame Retardant Clothing
The National Bureau of Standards of China promulgated the industrial flame-retardant clothing standard in 1998 with reference to the 1988 standard of the same name and similar international standards. It made detailed provisions on the following aspects: the overall performance of flame-retardant clothing, and the flame-retardant properties of clothing materials and sutures. , mechanical properties of clothes, structural design, processing and production of clothes, finished product marking, packaging and transportation, inspection methods, etc.
GA10-91 Performance requirements and test methods for ordinary protective clothing for Chinese firefighters
The standards for ordinary protective clothing for fire fighters promulgated by the Ministry of Public Security of China include: overall performance of flame-retardant clothing, flame-retardant properties of stitching and clothing, mechanical properties of clothing, structural design, processing and production of clothing, and finished product marking and packaging, transportation, inspection methods, etc.
EN531: EU standard for industrial thermal protective clothing
The overall performance, structural design, dimensional stability, flame spread, heat and molten metal resistance, size markings and marks, user information, identification patterns, etc. of flame-retardant clothing are stipulated.
EN470-1: EU standard for thermal protective clothing for welders and similar types of work
Specifies the design requirements, material requirements, safety requirements, size markings and marks, user information, identification patterns, etc. for flame-retardant clothing.
EN479 EU fire protection clothing standard
This standard specifies the standards for protective clothing for structural fire protection. The main consideration is to protect against heat and flame. This standard does not cover special tasks or special fire protection such as cleaning up chemical spills, forest fires, close fire fighting, road accident rescue, etc. Standards include general requirements, important safety requirements, additional requirements, markings, user information and identification patterns.
NFPA2112: National Fire Protection Association Flash Fire Resistant Clothing Standard
The American Fire Protection Association stipulates the following aspects of industrial flash fire flame-retardant protective clothing: product marking, user information, clothing design, fibers, sutures, accessories, and labels.
NFPA19712000 version of the National Fire Protection Association firefighting clothing standard
This standard specifies the minimum clothing requirements for structural fire firefighters, including the design, performance, testing, and testing of clothing components and accessories (jackets, pants, helmets, gloves, shoes). This version combines the original NFPA1971, The contents of 1973, 1972 and 1974 can all be replaced by the latter.
NFPA19771998 version of the American Fire Protection Association firefighting clothing standard
This standard specifies the minimum clothing requirements for wildland fire firefighters, including the design, performance, testing, and testing of clothing components and accessories (shirts, jackets, pants, helmets, hoods, shawls, gloves, shoes). , this version combines the contents of the original NFPA1971, 1972, 1973 and 1974, and can completely replace the latter
AS4824-2001 Australian (Transitional Version) Firefighter Protective Clothing Standard
The standard specifies the design requirements, sampling and pretreatment, mechanical performance requirements, thermal performance requirements, ergonomics and comfort requirements, general requirements, manufacturer information and marking marks for clothing used by firefighters in wild and forest firefighting.
AS4967-2002 Australian (Transitional Version) Standard for Fire Protective Clothing
The standard specifies the design requirements, proofing and pretreatment, thermal performance requirements, mechanical performance requirements, ergonomics and comfort requirements, general requirements, manufacturer information and marking marks for firefighters’ clothing used to fight structural fires. pQ71ovf0d8
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