The silk industry needs new engines to “break out of the cocoon”
“As the world’s largest cocoonsilk country, its status and advantages have been continuously consolidated. China’s silk has continued to improve its international competitiveness and voice, and is moving towards a highQuality‘s fast lane for development.” Tang Lin, president of the China Silk Association, said at the 2023 China (Guang’an) Mulberry Cocoon Silk Industry High-Quality Development Conference and the National Cocoon and Silk Economic Work Conference held recently.
In recent years, my country’s cocoon and silk industry has seized opportunities, stabilized production, expanded markets, and sought innovation, and has achieved remarkable results in structural adjustment, technological progress, brand building, market expansion, and cultural inheritance.
As a traditional national industry, an important people’s livelihood industry and an industry with international competitive advantages, how does my country’s silk industry and enterprises adapt to the new situation? How to take more targeted measures to solve the pain points and difficulties in industrial development, speed up the filling of shortcomings and weaknesses, and continuously promote the upgrading of the industrial foundation and the modernization of the industrial chain? This series of problems tests the wisdom of silk companies.
Hard power: Production ranks first in the world
Our country is the hometown of silk. The silkworm cocoon silk industry is a traditional advantageous industry. Both the silkworm silk production volume and exportvolume rank first in the world.
“For the development of the mulberry cocoon silk industry, in 2020, six departments including the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Ministry of Commerce formulated and issued the “Action Plan for the High-Quality Development of the Sericulture Silk Industry (2021-2025)”, and the Ministry of Commerce formulated and issued the “14th Five-Year Plan Period” “Guiding Opinions on the Development of Cocoon and Silk Industry”, relevant provinces have also formulated and issued guiding opinions on industrial development. Thanks to this, the development of my country’s mulberry cocoon and silk industry has achieved significant results in recent years.” said Li Chunsheng, president of the China Supply and Marketing Cooperation Economics Association .
“In recent years, in the face of complex and severe domestic and international situations and the impact of the epidemic, the silk industry has focused on supply-side structural reform to promote high-quality development of the industry and achieved positive results. my country’s cocoon, silk and gray silk production account for the world’s total More than 60%. In 2022, my country’s raw silk exports will account for 80% of the world’s total raw silk exports, and will continue to maintain its status as the world’s largest cocoon silk producer.” National Xu Xingfeng, director of the Cocoon and Silk Coordination Office and director of the Market Operation and Consumption Promotion Department of the Ministry of Commerce, said: “In 2022, the Ministry of Commerce supported nearly 200 cocoon and silk projects in more than 10 provinces and cities across the country, effectively promotingTechnological innovationand brand cultivation have enhanced competitiveness.”
In the first quarter of this year, the silk production of 542 enterprises above designated size in the cocoon and silk industry increased by 6.83% year-on-year; the silk and satin production fell by 16.7% year-on-year; and the silk quilt production fell by 48.49% year-on-year. In the first quarter, the output of major products rose once and fell twice, and production recovery was relatively slow.
“Currently, the silk industry’seconomic operation is under obvious pressure, silk commodity exports have steadily rebounded, and the domestic market has picked up.” Liu Wenquan, secretary-general of the China Silk Association, said that with the international trade order With the effective recovery and the gradual effective control of the epidemic, domestic and foreign silk consumer markets have begun to recover and improve, industry production and operations have gradually returned to normal, and the price of cocoon silk raw materials has basically returned to normal price levels.
Over the course of thousands of years of history, China has always been the main supplier of silk in the international silk market. Under the new situation, how to continue to promote the high-quality development of my country’s silk industry?
Tang Lin suggested that in underdeveloped areas in the central and western regions, the application of labor-saving equipment and technology should be vigorously promoted to reduce labor intensity and improve labor production efficiency; in relatively developed areas in the east, the scale of factory-based sericulture with artificial feed for all ages should be further expanded and Improve production, management and product development and application levels. From the middle and back end of the industrial chain, it is necessary to accelerate the intelligentization of silk reeling equipment and technology, the integration of silk reeling and weaving, and the digitization of silk printing and dyeing and the customization of silk products to accelerate independent Silk brand building, improve the added value of end products and international competitiveness.
Li Chunsheng said that the silk textile industry shoulders the dual mission of inheritance and innovative development. In the process of moving towards the goal of high-quality development, it is necessary to improve the level of sericulture production and further consolidate the foundation for industrial development; it is necessary to strengthen scientific and technological innovation, with advanced technological achievements and equipment As an important support for industrial development, we must accelerate brand building; we must build and improve the standard system for industrial development and gradually form a scientific, reasonable, sound and complete standard system; we must promote the integrated development of industries and form rich and diversified new formats and new models for industrial development. and new driving forces; it is necessary to further adjust and optimize the industrial regional structure, optimize the industrial regional layout, promote regional collaboration and professional division of labor, and strive to achieve complementary advantages and positive interactions to ensure coordinated regional development.
Practical measures: Laying a solid foundation for industrial development
In recent years, the development of my country’s mulberry cocoon silk industry has achieved significant results, with industrial competitiveness steadily improving and the pace of technological progress accelerating.��; Deepen international exchanges and cooperation with openness as the support.
“The Ministry of Commerce has clearly positioned 2023 as the ‘Consumption Boost Year’ and has made various arrangements to strive to develop new consumption formats, plan and hold exhibitions such as silk exhibitions, silk culture, and silk history, and support the creation of scene-based quality silk features. The business district will take silk as an opportunity to further drive consumption in the textile and clothing industry.” Xu Xingfeng said.
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