2021 is the beginning year of the “14th Five-Year Plan”. During the “13th Five-Year Plan” period, the textile industry has experienced supply-side reforms, Sino-US trade frictions and COVID-19. Overall, my country’s textile and apparel industry has still achieved remarkable results. Today, my country’s total fiber processing accounts for 55% of the world’s total; textile and apparel exports account for 34% of the world’s total exports and 12% of the country’s goods exports. ; The textile and clothing trade surplus accounts for 71% of the country; employment in textile enterprises above designated size accounts for 10% of total industrial employment.
However, in the past two years, the textile and apparel industry has endured greater downward pressure. Both terminal consumption and product output and prices have experienced stagflation or even decline. It is undeniable that the textile and clothing industry has bid farewell to the stage of rapid development. With the explosive growth of information technology and mobile Internet, the traditional textile industry has been regarded as a low-end and backward sunset industry. If you think so too, then you can only Say you “don’t understand textiles and clothing at all”.
Textiles can also embrace high technology
The “5th World Zhejiang Merchants Shanghai Forum and 2020” held in Shanghai on January 3, 2021 “Annual Meeting of Zhejiang Chamber of Commerce in Shanghai”. Ma Jianrong, chairman of the board of directors of Shenzhou International Group Holdings Co., Ltd., refuted the argument that “the textile industry is a sunset industry and a low-threshold industry”: They don’t understand textiles and clothing at all. Ma Jianrong emphasized that in his 30 years of textile and clothing production, the most important core thing is to “embrace innovation and embrace high technology.”
He gave an example, first of all, the fabrics of clothes must be constantly innovated. “If the clothes you wear to exercise, run, and do yoga today are still the same as they were 30 years ago, then this company must be dead. There must be a lot of new materials and technological content in clothing fabrics. In clothing production, we must continue to adhere to the long-term The socialist theory of scientific and technological evolution is positioned to be efficient, decommandable, and digital.”
In addition, clothing must also be functional in fabrics. He said, “This is what I have accumulated and persisted in for 30 years. I have made breakthroughs in the functionalization of fabrics and developed many popular models. The largest model sells more than 100 million pieces a year, with a net profit of 25%. Clothing has become more efficient through , de-instruction, and digitization have improved the level of automation, and the clothing efficiency is 25%-30% higher than that of peers. This is the evergreen gene of the enterprise.”
Textile is also smart
In the past, textile was a labor-intensive industry. For example, when transporting yarn between different processes, workers would carry it hand-in-hand. The labor intensity is very high. The smart workshop uses transport robots, which greatly reduces manual operations. In 2018, Yudahua invested 330 million yuan in intelligent transformation to build a “100,000-spindle full-process intelligent spinning project” and introduced domestically independently developed intelligent spinning, intelligent logistics, intelligent warehousing and other systems, significantly improving production efficiency. A large number of sensors, industrial robots, AGV handling trolleys, etc. are also installed in the workshop, creating a unique new model of spinning production. Most processes do not require manual participation, and night shifts can be unattended, turning it into a “black light factory.” After the intelligent transformation, the number of workers in the 10,000-spindle yarn production line was reduced from 53 to less than 15 in the past, a reduction of 71.7%, and the operating cost was reduced by 14.85%.
In the past, product labels were written manually on paper and were easily lost. It is difficult to trace quality problems when they occur. Now, many equipment in the workshop are equipped with chips. Through the intelligent quality traceability system, it is easy to find the root cause of the problem. “After the workshop renovation, we produced a total of 5,000 tons of yarn, and there were no returns or claims. In the past, there would be dozens of cases every year.” Wei Jiang, general manager of Yudahua Group, said.
The textile industry has long processes and flexible production, making it very difficult to achieve intelligent manufacturing. This intelligent transformation is the largest one-time equipment investment in Yudahua’s history. With the investment in the new production line, Yudahua has realized all-round intelligent sorting and collection of materials in all processes and parts, greatly improving production efficiency, reducing operating costs, and achieving traceability of product quality.
Weiqiao Entrepreneurship Group Zouwei Third Industrial Park Intelligent Spinning Factory employs 10 people and realizes “full production automation” and “control system” “Intelligence” and “online monitoring informatization”. The production line’s thick and thin automatic packaging combined equipment has a track length of 35 kilometers. The rovings are automatically transported from the first floor to the second floor. The entire process from raw materials to finished product packaging and storage is all unmanned and automated. It is the first in the world to have compatible cartons. An automatic packaging production line with two modes: packaging and woven cloth packaging (unmanned automatic sewing). Among them, the roving process all adopts the thick and thin joint intelligent roving frame system. The thick and thin joint track transportation is in automatic mode. The spinning frame creels are all replaced by thick and thin joint tracks. The spinning frame yarn change adopts the “whole row yarn change” mode. The entire project realizes the thickness and fineness network. The package and thickness joint production lines can realize automatic transportation from the first floor to the second floor, solving the problem of cross-floor transportation of roving.
This All intelligent production lines use functional navigation cars, fully intelligent air conditioners, and intelligent warehouse management. The entire production management implements intelligent information-based big data management. 150,000 sensors are installed on all equipment to collect all front-line data. Then intelligent analysis is performed, providing an important reference for refined production management.
Automation and intelligence have become trends in the textile industry. More and more companies are rushing into the wave of intelligence. In the future, intelligence will also become a label in the textile industry.
Textiles can also save tens of millions of lives
The new coronavirus epidemic sweeping the world in 2020 will surely go down in history, and small masks are destined to occupy some of the pen and ink. This kind of textile, which used to be inconspicuous in the past, has gained a lot of presence in 2020. Not only did everyone produce masks for a while, but it also took up the banner of textile exports. According to the latest report released by the World Trade Organization (WTO), in the first half of 2020, the world’s total trade volume fell by 14% year-on-year. However, during the same period, global imports and exports of medical supplies increased by nearly 16%, with a value of US$1.139 trillion.
(WTO data shows that in the first half of 2020, the trade volume of all categories of medical products increased, among which the trade volume of personal protective products increased by 50.3%, followed by Pharmaceuticals (11.6%), medical supplies (9.6%) and medical equipment (5.5%))
Specifically, in the first half of 2020, the total global imports of facial protection products were higher than the same period last year Compared to an increase of 90%, the trade of textile fabrics for face masks has increased by 6 times. Among them, China is the largest supplier of masks, accounting for 56% of world exports. WTO data shows that in many major markets, Chinese masks account for more than two-thirds of the country’s total imported masks, including the United States and Italy, where Chinese masks account for nearly a quarter of the two countries’ total imported masks. Third, it accounts for 80% in Japan.
(China’s mask export market share)
It is precisely because China has a complete and mature textile industry that it can quickly organize The production of anti-epidemic materials such as masks and protective clothing not only meets domestic needs, but also provides assistance to countries around the world. These small textiles have saved tens of millions of lives.
Where will textiles go?
Looking forward to the “14th Five-Year Plan” , the textile industry will continue to promote the formation of a strong domestic market, with the primary goal of meeting domestic demand, paying more attention to diverse demand areas such as personalization, ecology, functionality, intelligence, and branding, as well as expanding the application fields of fiber products; it will actively integrate The global supply chain has established a more efficient and coordinated global industrial layout and resource allocation system; scientific and technological innovation capabilities drive high-quality development of the industry and in-depth implementation of green and sustainable development. As Chairman Sun Ruizhe said, considering that the textile industry has entered the first echelon of the “Made in China” array of powerful countries, and its manufacturing capacity and international trade scale have long ranked first in the world, the development of the textile industry during the “14th Five-Year Plan” period no longer emphasizes growth. Quantitative goals should be set, and the quality improvement and connotation expansion of the industry should be used as the starting point and breakthrough point to respond to the situation and open up a new game. That is: establishing a systematic concept and comprehensively improving the three major capabilities of the industry – core innovation capabilities, sustainable development capabilities and resource allocation capabilities, so that the textile industry can truly become an innovation-driven technology industry, a culture-led fashion industry, and a responsibility-oriented green industry.