The causes of neps and linters
During the picking and processing of raw cotton, Due to the increase in machine-picked cotton, short staples and neps have increased.
The equipment is repeatedly rubbed and hit during the processing. Abnormal extrusion causes an increase in neps and short lint, especially if some of the impact points are incorrect, which will lead to a sharp increase.
The card clothing penetrates into the fiber bundle and repeatedly Carding, transferring, rubbing, and improper needle matching will cause an increase in neps and short lint. The biggest hazard is potential fiber damage.
Improper process configuration of carding machine can also cause fiber Damage, tight gauge, and strong carding cause the contradiction between opening neps and increasing short lint; low speed causes the contradiction between protecting fibers and not opening neps. These are all solved by technology. During the carding process, the smaller the distance between the two needles and the tooth surface, and the denser the needle teeth, the stronger the gripping force on the fiber; the poor surface roughness of the needle teeth will increase the control force and intensity of the fiber, causing fiber Damage and produce lint and neps. Improper process configuration leads to an increase in neps due to insufficient carding and an increase in short lint due to excessive carding. Therefore, the main purpose of the process configuration should be to coordinate the card clothing’s flexible carding and full carding.
Equipment management, that is, equipment maintenance level and maintenance quality ; Raw material management, that is, the selection and equipment of flower return and materials; Process management, that is, the pass rate of the process on the machine; During the processing process, the temperature and humidity are low, and the moisture regain is too small. The cotton fiber is easy to be brittle and the moisture regain is too large, and the carding cannot be opened, so that The neps and lint increase; untimely and incorrect cleaning during operation (blowing, beating) can easily cause lint, and the attachment of flying flowers can also cause the increase of lint and neps.
The hazards of neps and linters
The hazards of linters
There is a lot of short lint, which is difficult to control during the drafting process, and the yarn strength is low; there are many fly flakes during the production process, many ends are broken, poor evenness, there are many details, slugs, and neps in the yarn; weaving efficiency Low, unable to adapt to high-speed warping jet; increasing the cost of mercerizing singeing.
The harm of neps
Neps are an important indicator of yarn quality. It not only affects the appearance of yarn and fabrics, but also affects subsequent processing quality and production efficiency. There are many neps and the quality of the fabric is poor. At the same time, it will cause broken ends and broken needles in the knitting yarn, and holes in the fabric will affect the dyeing and fabric quality. </p